Publication History:

Place of Publication: Wyandotte Mission School, Last Creek, Indian Territory (Oklahoma)

Volume and Issue Data:  Vol. 2, No. 3-Vol. 6, No. 6, ca. 1871-1875

Size and Format:  (check extant copies–at Kansas collection)

Editor/Publisher:  Ida Johnson and Julia Robitaille, editors; Halaquah, Literary Society of Wyandotte Mission School (1871-1875)

Title Changes and Continuations:  None

General Description and Notes:

According to Littlefield and Parins, the Halaquah Times was a manuscript magazine published by the students of the Wyandote Mission’s literary society.  It contained letters and essays on student and school activities.  Many of the essays focused on “social improvement.”  The magazine was edited by Ida Johnson and her associate July Robitaille.

According to Murphy and Murphy, the student editors made one copy and then had other students at the mission school make additional copies.

Information Sources:

Bibliography:  Carolyn Thomas Foreman, Oklahoma Imprints, 1835-1907 (Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 1936); Grace Ernestine Ray, Early Oklahoma Newspapers (Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 1928); James E. Murphy and Sharon M. Murphy, Let My People Know:  American Indian Journalism, 1828-1978 (Norman:  University, 1981); David F. Littlefield, Jr. and James W. Parins,  American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 (Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 1984), 143-144.

Locations:  “Miscellaneous–Halaquah,” Manuscripts, Kansas State Historical Society, contains two undated issues, written in copybooks