The Butterfly (IL, early 20th century)

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Publication History:

Place of Publication: Chicago(?), Illinois

Frequency: “Several volumes”

Volume and Issue Data: Early 20th century

Size and Format: Unknown

Editor/Publisher: Members of the Butterfly Society

Title Changes and Continuation: Unknown

General Description and Notes:

The Butterfly is an aesthetic journal published by the Butterfly Society in the early part of this century.  The first two volumes are completely handwritten as well as illustrated.  Later issues were hand typed.

Information Sources:

Bibliography: None

Locations:  The Chicago Public Library, Special Collections, Harold Washington Library Center, Chicago, IL

Bumble Bee Budget, Flumgudgeon Gazette and (OR, 1845)

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The Bumble Bee (LA, 1864)

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Publication History:

The Bumble Bee, LA, 1864

Place of Publication:  “Camp near Shreveport (LA);” “Office of Bumble Bee for the present will be under the board shelter of Co. ‘E’, which is a very airy and healthy location in dry weather.”

Frequency:  “Semi occasionally” (from No. 1)

Volume and Issue Data: April 1, 1864

Size and Format:  13+ x ? inches

Editor/Publisher:  “Cook & Hu(?)ghey, Editors & Proprietors”

Title Changes and Continuation:  Unknown

General Description & Notes:

This is a handwritten Confederate Army paper published near Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1864. Its motto on first number: “Oh brush that Bee away or you will surely get a sting.” The extant copy (see above) includes “Local” news, anecdotes, and appeals for subscriptions.

Information Sources:

Bibliography: None

Locations: Arkansas History Commission, Little Rock, AR (according to John L. Ferguson, State Historian [letter to HNP editor, June 21, 1993], “I think that we have a few similar little CSA papers on microfilm”).

Bum Hill Gazette (CA, 1906)

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Publication History:

Place of Publication:  San Francisco, California

Frequency:  Two issues

Volume and Issue Data:  May [no day], and May 23, both 1906

Size and Format:  56-60 x 42 cm.; May (no date) May 23 issue is 2 pp.; “three folio leaves”; pen and ink; illustrated with watercolor

Editor/Publisher:  Published by “Prowlers of Ashbarrel Street, New San Francisco;” compiled, written and illustrated by Hazel Snell; also edited by “U.R.A. Bum, I.B.A. Tramp”

Title Changes and Continuation:  None

General Description & Notes:

Two issues of a newspaper edited by Hazel Snell (Holmes), San Francisco, were donated to the Bancroft Library by the editor.  In her own undated description of the Gazette, which accompanied the donation, Ms. Holmes writes:

“Three folio leaves compiled, written and illustrated by Snell as a neighborhood paper, residing with her parents on Ashbury Street between Hayes and Fell near the pan-handle of Golden Gate Park.  Some of the humorous jibes were contributed by William Jones Hanlon, now a retired Colonel of the U.S. Air Force.  As far as known, first amateur paper issued after earthquake and fire in San Francisco on April 18, 1906.”

The first number which was dated “May, 1906,” contained sections on business, society, poetry, and local news, and includes want ads and advertisements.  The two-page second number, dated “May 23, 1906,” noted:

“Editors:  U.R.A. Bum, I.B.A. Tramp.  Published any old time.  Sub. Price–six doughnut holes on a toothpick.  When your subscription expires–call an undertaker.  Price per copy–a can of corn bread.”

The motto of the paper, as indicated in the second issue was, “To see ourselves as others saw us.”  The second issue also announced on page one:

“The editors wish to inform the general public that a third and last Edition of the B.H.G. will be published and for the suckers of the same they will depend on the reports of the citizens of this street.  The names of reporters will not be mentioned.

“Kindly place reports in hands of Editors.

“The painting at head of the edition is the reproduction of the famous masterpiece rescued from Hopkins Art Institute during the ‘grate’ fire.”

The editor also claimed, “The first edition of the B.H.G. was probably the most elaborate publication since the earthquake.  It was encased in a beautiful gold and silver frame and given a warm reception in St. Nick’s Kitchen, evidently keeping its circulation in a good condition.”

Information Sources:

Bibliography:  None

Locations:  University of California, Berkeley Bancroft Library manuscripts collection, C-II 81.

Bugle (NV, 1880)

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Publication History:

Place of Publication:  Junctionville (also known as Bonelli’s Ferry), Nevada

Frequency:  Weekly

Volume and Issue Data:  c. Feb. 1880-c. 1880

Size and Format:  Written on letter sheets

Editor/Publisher:  Leonard Bonelli, Bugle Publishing Co.

Title Changes and Continuation:  None

General Description & Notes:

The Pioche Record, Feb. 28, 1880, reports that the Bugle was a weekly written on letter sheets by the ferryman’s son, Leonard Bonelli, who lists himself as the editor and the Bugle Publishing Co. as publisher.

Information Sources:

Bibliography:  Pioche Record, Feb. 28, 1880; Lingenfelter and Gash, The Newspapers of Nevada (Reno:  University of Nevada Press, 1984), p. 123.

Locations:  No extant issues located

Bow and Arrow (MI, 1833)

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Publication History:

Place of Publication:  Michilimackinac, Michigan (1833)

Frequency:  Unknown

Volume and Issue Data:  No. 2, Oct. 1, 1833

Size and Format:  Unknown

Editor/Publisher:  Henry Rowe Schoolcraft (1833)

Title Changes and Continuations:  None

General Description & Notes:

According to Littlefield and Parins, The Bow and Arrow was a manuscript magazine devoted to Indian life, history, opinion, and names.  This was editor Schoolcraft’s third handwritten publication, the first being a literary magaznie published from 1809 to 1818 and the second being The Muzzinyegun or Literary Voyager (1826-1827) published in Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.  The Oct. 1, 1833 issue of the Bow and Arrow contained an article entitled “The Indian” dealing with stereotypes and characteristics of the American Indian.

Information Sources:

Bibliography:  Vernon Kinietz, “Schoolcraft’s Manuscript Magazines,” Bibliographical Society of America Papers, 35 (April-June, 1941), 151-154.  Indexed in David F. Littlefield, Jr. and James W. ParinsAmerican Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 (Westport, Conn.:  Greenwood Press, 1984), 44.

Locations:  DLC

The Boston News-Letter (MA, 1700-1704)

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Publication History:

Place of Publication:  Boston, Massachusetts

Frequency: Weekly

Volume and Issue Data:  1700-1704; after 1704, the paper was printed

Size and Format: Approximately 6.25 x 10.5 inches

Editor/Publisher: John Campbell, Boston postmaster

Title Changes and Continuation: Boston News-Letter (printed edition beginning 1704)

Boston News-Letter (printed edition, 1704)

General Description & Notes:

The Boston News-Letter is generally regarded as the first “successful” newspaper in the American colonies. From 1704 to 1722, the last date being three years after he retired as postmaster, editor John Campbell produced a printed newsletter. However, for the first four years of the News-Letters’ existence, it was published in handwritten form.

Benjamin Harris’s Publick Occurrences preceded the News-Letter by at least 10 years, but Day’s paper lasted only one issue and was shut down by authorities. As the Campbell’s first printed issue of the News-Letter boldly states, the paper was “Published by Authority.”

Postmaster Campbell used his postal role as to gather information which he published “in the form of a newsletter–the primitive, handwritten report that had been the common medium of communication in Europe before the invention of printing. Most of the information sent out by Campbell was concerned with commercial and governmental matters.”

According to one historian, “There was such a demand for his news letter that Campbell began to look around for some way of relieving the pressure upon his time and energy. He got his brother, Duncan, to help, but even together they could not supply the demand for news. The just couldn’t write longhand fast enough.”

The first printed edition, replacing the handwritten version, appeared on April 24, 1704. “It was called the Boston News-Letter, an appropriate title, since it was merely a continuation of the publication the Campbells had been producing since 1700.”


Boston News-Letter (Boston, Mass.), 18-25 November 1706, p. 4

Information Sources:

Bibliography: Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, First Series, March 1867, Volume 9, pp. 485-501 (Nine issues of the News-Letter from 1703 are presented in this collection); Frank Luther Mott, American Journalism: A History of Newspapers in the United States Through 250 Years (New York, 1941); Willard G. Bleyer, Main Currents in the History of American Journalism (New York, 1973); Edwin Emery and Michael Emery,  The Press and America,  Fifth ed.  (Englewood Cliffs, 1984); Wm. David Sloan and Julie Hedgepath Williams, The Early American Press, 1690-1783 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994), p.  18; Wm. David Sloan, “John Campbell and the Boston News-Letter,” AEJMC website (2004); Tom Kemp, “A Mystery from the First Handwritten Newspaper in America,”, posted Nov. 20, 2012, accessed Feb. 7, 2013.

Locations:  American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA; State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

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